Ștefania Mărăcineanu, a Romanian physicist, has been honoured on her 140th birthday with a Google doodle. Ștefania was born in 1882 in Bucharest, Romania, and went on to change into one of many pioneers within the discovery and analysis of radioactivity. Mărăcineanu’s PhD thesis was on polonium, a component that physicist Marie Curie found. Throughout her profession, she engaged in a number of attention-grabbing researches together with finding out synthetic rain, and likewise the hyperlink between earthquakes and rainfall. She by no means obtained world recognition for her contribution to the invention of synthetic radioactivity.
Thedoodle devoted to Ștefania Mărăcineanu is a digital portray that options the physicist working with polonium her lab. When you click on via, it directs you to look outcomes for Ștefania Mărăcineanu. The Google brand can be modified on the search outcomes web page, displaying the physicist’s face instead of the second ‘o’. The doodle is seen in solely a restricted variety of international locations, particularly, Greece, India, Romania, Sweden, and the UK.
As described by Google on its doodle weblog publish, after graduating with a bodily and chemical science diploma in 1910, Mărăcineanu started her profession as a instructor on the Central College for Women in Bucharest. It was throughout this time that Mărăcineanu earned a scholarship from the Romanian Ministry of Science and went on to pursue graduate analysis on the Radium Institute in Paris — a worldwide centre for the examine of radioactivity beneath the path of famend physicist Marie Curie. To recall, Mărăcineanu began engaged on her PhD thesis on polonium, a component that Curie found.
Mărăcineanu’s analysis led to what’s more than likely the primary instance of synthetic radioactivity. She labored on the Astronomical Observatory in Meudon for 4 years earlier than returning to Romania to discovered her homeland’s first laboratory for the examine of Radioactivity. As talked about earlier, Mărăcineanu researched matters together with synthetic rain and the hyperlink between earthquakes and rainfall throughout her profession.
In 1935, when Irene Curie (Marie Curie’s daughter) and her husband obtained a joint Nobel prize for his or her discovery of synthetic radioactivity, Mărăcineanu had requested that her contribution the invention even be recognised. Nonetheless she by no means obtained world recognition to her main contribution to synthetic radioactivity. In 1936, the Academy of Sciences of Romania elected Mărăcineanu to function a Director of analysis. She breathed final in 1944 in Bucharest, Romania.
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